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Mobile GIS PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 30 October 2008 14:20

Mobile GIS is the expansion of GIS technology from the office into the field. A mobile GIS enables field-based personnel to capture, store, update, manipulate, analyze, and display geographic information. Mobile GIS integrates one or more of the following technologies:

  • Mobile devices
  • Global positioning system (GPS)
  • Wireless communications for Internet GIS access
Traditionally, the processes of field data collection and editing have been time consuming and error prone. Geographic data has traveled into the fi eld in the form of paper maps. Field edits were performed using sketches and notes on paper maps and forms. Once back in the office, these field edits were deciphered and manually entered into the GIS database. The result has been that GIS data has often not been as up-to-date or accurate as it could have been.

ESRI’s developments in mobile GIS have enabled GIS to be taken into the field as digital maps on compact, mobile computers, providing field access to enterprise geographic information. This enables organizations to add real-time information to their database and applications, speeding up analysis, display, and decision making by using up-to-date, more accurate spatial data. Firefighters, police officers, engineering crews, surveyors, utility workers, soldiers, census workers, field biologists, and others, use mobile GIS to complete the following tasks:

  • Field Mapping—Create, edit, and use GIS maps in the field.
  • Asset Inventories—Create and maintain an inventory of asset locations and attribute information.
  • Asset Maintenance—Update asset location and condition and schedule maintenance.
  • Inspections—Maintain digital records and locations of field assets for legal code compliance and ticketing.
  • Incident Reporting—Document the location and circumstances of incidents and events for further action or reporting.
  • GIS Analysis and Decision Making—Perform measuring, buffering, geoprocessing, and other GIS analysis while in the field.

ArcPad

ArcPad is designed for GIS professionals who require GIS capabilities in the field and easy to use geographic tools run on mobile computer such as Pocket PCs, Laptops and Tablet PCs. ArcPad help user on the field establish maps, GIS, GPS and gathering completed data. ArcPad application can be created on ArcPad Application Builder, a development platform for mobile GIS.

Mobile ArcGIS Desktop system

With the usage of Tablet PCs and Laptop, ArcGIS can be used on the field instead of in office. Mobile ArcGIS Desktop systems (ArcReader, ArcView, ArcEditor, and ArcInfo) support mobile GIS applications with geographic tools at high level such as network analysis, processing and geodatabase adjustment.

ArcGIS Engine is a development product for creating popular GIS desktop applications and deployed on mobile computer. Popular applications created with ArcGIS Engine can be used on Tablet PCs and Laptop to bring the necessary functions for many type of using objects.

ArcWeb Services, ArcIMS, and ArcGIS Server enriched the mobile GIS applications through the decentralization of GIS data and capabilities of mobile devices with either wireless connection continuous or non-continuous.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 20 October 2010 08:37
 
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